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الساحل العربي من الكويت إلى عمان

December 7, 2015

هذا تصنيف اولي ( غير منشور ) لعدد من المخطوطات تمت دراستها من قبل شركة الشرق الهندية المشرفة. توضح الرسم البياني للجانب العربي للخليج من راس موسيندام إلى غور عبدالله.

A701

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معلومات اضافية

هذه المخطوطة هي واحد من مسودات الرسم البياني قام بها ليوتس .جي.إم. غاي ,جي.بي. بروكس, أر كوغان & وا. إي روجرز مابين عام 1820 و 1824, والتي نشرت أخيرآ في ثلاثة أجزاء ( أنظر A702 a, A702 b, A702 c).

في عام 1820 تم طلب استبدال المسح المنهجي للمنطقة عن طريق شركة الشرق الهندية المشرفة في وقت سابق ,لمسح بياني أقل. الكابتن بي موغان قد أًرسل إلى الخليج في سفينة قيادة الإستطلاع , ديسكَفَري , مع الملازم جي.إم. غاي , كمساعد مساح له في , بسايك , . بدؤوا المسح الخاص بهم في رأس موسيندم (موسيندم, عمان ). في نوفمبر 1821 مرض موغان وتم إكمال العمل بنجاح عن طريق غاي. في عام 1822 أرسل تقريرآ عن الساحل إلى الحكومة. في 11 فبراير 1823 استسلم غاي ايضآ لمرض صحي وتم إتمام العمل بنجاح عن طريق الملازم جي . بي. بروكس. تم وضع جزء من مسح غاي عن طريق الملازم هوتون عام 1821 ويوجد مذكرة في يسار أسف المسح عن ذلك. في حلول عام 1825 أتم بروكس كل شيء عن الساحل الغربي.

عنوان النقش الموجود في أسفل المسح والذي يبين بأن بحرية شركة الشرق الهندية المشرفة هي مرجع لكل شركة الشرق الهندية والتي تتاجر بالسلع مثل القطن, الحرير, أصباغ اللون النيلي ،الملح,الفلفل ،الشاي،الأفيون. على الرغم من أن الشركة بدأت في جزر الهند فقد كان لديها التأثير المفترض والسيطرة على التجارة في اسيا . والهند والصين بشكل خاص في العصر التاسع عشر. وهذا يدل بأن ملاحة شركة الشرق الهندية المشرفة كان لها السيطرة والتأثير في ذلك الوقت.

إحدى السمات الهامة في هذا الرسم البياني تعود إلى تسمية الأماكن , مثال وجود , جزر شركة الشرق الهندية, إلى الغرب من أبو ظبي. وهذه إشارة إلى إهتمام البريطانيين في تلك المنطقة, وخدمتها كتذكير بأهميتها التجريبية. حاول البريطانيون الحصول على العديد من الأسماء المحلية ولكن كان من الواضح بأن لديهم صعوبات ومشاكل في الترجمة وما سمعوه أثناء كتابة الكلمات. بعض الأسماء المعطاة معروفة , مثل أبو ظوبيي ( أبو ظبي ) وكذلك جزر دالمي. زيركوا , سير بني ياس والدوسي ( هذه الجزر مسماة كجزر معاد:على الأغلب أنها سميت بعد أن هدأت مهنة البحرية على يد الكابتن ويليام معاد, خلال قبل وبعد حرب نابليون والتي سجلت على أنها إحدى تصريح للتجار بالتجارة في وثائق ملاحة بومباي في ذلك الوقت ).

 

Anyone for some very rare Lt. (Capt) James Cook charts of NZ?

May 31, 2014

Heritage Charts are currently researching, and about to publish, some quite unique and extremely rare Cook material from his first voyage to New Zealand in 1769..  These charts form the basis for every ‘published’ Cook chart.  These two (North and South) are themselves copied directly from Cook’s own chart.  Many of the features and land-falls differ from the later published material.

Cook_Logbook_North_finished_colour_flat_90%

 

And South…

Cook_Logbook_South_colour_flat_90%

The British Hydrographic Office under it’s 2nd director (Hydrographer to the Admiralty), Capt. Thomas Hurd, published a derrivative of this chart as one of the first ever ‘official’ publications by that office in 1816.

Have you ever wondered what Cook’s own work looked like:  well this is an example… and yes, Heritage Charts will be releasing this amazing chart (or is it a ‘survey’?) very soon…. complete with blotches and dodgy Cook handwriting and spelling!  Yes the real thing does actually look as though it went down with the ship and was dried out over the barbecue!

Cook_Logbook_original

Anyway, that’s about it for now but there will be more soon.  Keep in touch and watch this space.

We’re having fun making up adverts for use in the UAE this month

April 21, 2014

Heritage Charts Arabia_flat_blogversion

Advert5_flat_logvervison

 

 

An Artist’s View of Charleston

May 29, 2012

A recent stay in Charleston, working with the Charleston Library Society to catalogue their beautiful Atlantic Nelpune volumes prompted me to see for myself what the reality of the view which appears at the top of the Chart ‘A Chart of the Western Passage into the Long Island Sound from New York up the East River’.

[Heritage Charts A303, HNS p.154, NMM image HNS154a & CLS p.101 & picture 108a]

November 1st 1777

The Heritage Charts edition of the same chart dates from sometime after the 1st November 1777 as the view has been updated.

c1777-1780

The views depicted on both of the editions although they differ in foreground content are both of the city from the same place on James Island.  Most interesting is the view of the city which gives a line of sight up the Cooper River, past the Customs House, toward Mount Pleasant.  The question I asked myself was fromwhere exactly on the James Island shore was such a view achieved…

The most obvious starting point is of course the angles and views of the Major landmarks of the time which are of course the church spires.

(click on the image for an expanded view)

A view of Charleston from the South shore of the Ashley River in 1777

The slightly later edition of the same chart looks like this…

(click on image for expanded view)

A view of Charleston from the South shore of the Ashley river. 1777-78

Notice that the couple lounging in the foreground have been replaced by two people wotking the fields.  The cattle have gone and the port itself appears more industrious with extra ships in the river.

When one considers the angle of the view the artist must have taken a position South East of the city and all things considered including the accssibility of the river shore at that time (and today come to that) the most likely vantage point would seem to be along the coast-line marked yellow on the map, or indeed from by Fort Johnson itself.

Taken from Heritage Charts A308. A sketch of the operations before Charlestown, South Carolina. 1780.

(click on the image for an expanded view)

Now, for all of the detail which went into the creation of these magnificent charts, plans and maps the most important thing to remember is that the men who produced them were as much artists as they were draftsmen.  They had an eye for what would look good to their Lords and Masters, what would sell their work to those who could afford it and no less importantly, what would give the best view (excuse the pun!) of British control and posperity.

Look again at the pictures above and compare them with the reality of distance.

(click on the picture for an expanded view)

Remembering that in 1780 the Battery at the Southern end of the city, closest to the near shore-line stopped some several hundred metres short of where the battery wall is today, even a talented artist such as JFW Des Barres cannot have seen the city with such clarity and detail as his artwork would have us believe!

Heritage Charts and the Charleston Library Society have just finished cataloguing the Society’s four Volume collection of J. F. W. Des Barres’s ‘Atlantic Neptune’.

April 26, 2012

To view the catalogue results go to the bottom of this post

The collection has been in the Society’s possession for over 200 years but has rarely been seen.  The Volumes date from 1777 and are early editions of  J.F.W. Des Barres historic publication, with several of the charts, maps and plans contained within dating from as early as 1775 when Des Barres started compiling the surveys of Samuel Holland and his team of surveyors.  Many of Des Barres maps were issued as single sheets to British naval officers at the time with bound volumes being reserved for Senior Commanders, and other nobility.

Like so many books of this age the bindings of the first three volumes are in need of conservation but on the whole the pages are in good reasonably good condition.

As part of the cataloguing we took the opportunity to cross reference the pages with the Henry Newton Stevens Collection of the Atlantic Neptune held at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London.

  • Quite typically in Atlantic Neptune volumes some of the contents pages do not accurately reflect the order, or even the content of the volumes.  This is especially true of the Charleston Library Society (CLS) Volume I. 
  • Not all of the charts listed under the Henry Newton Stevens (HNS) collection are present in the CLS volumes.  The HNS listing is effectively the ‘dream team’ of Neptune charts and those not present in the CLS volumes have been highlighted.

Two pictoral references have been included in the catalogue;

  • Firstly the National Maritme Museum (NMM) document reference ID in column 3.  If this ID is typed into the NMM web-site search engine (http://collections.rmg.co.uk/) the HNS version of the CLS chart will be found.
  • Secondly, every page of the CLS volumes (see column 7 ‘Disc folder..’) have been photographed and are stored on disc and are available for viewing from the Archivist at the Charleston Library Society.

For those not familiar with the Atlantic Neptune please visit http://www.heritagecharts.com/product.php/7/7/j_f_w__des_barres for more information.  Beautiful giclée reproductions of many of the charts contained within the Atlantic Neptiune series are available direct from the Heritage Charts web-site:  http://www.heritagecharts.com

A futher, excellent, source of information on the Atlantic Neptune is Stephen J. Hornsby’s book; ‘Surveyors of Empire.  Samuel Holland, J.W.F. Des Barres, and the Making of The Atlantic Neptune’  Carleton Library Series 221, McGill-Queen’s Press. ISBN 978-0-7753-3815-3

CLS Catalogue Results

Click here – CLS Atlantic Neptune & HNS Comparative Listing


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