جزء من ساحل السعودية و قطر ومن بينها البحرين

October 31, 2015

A700

جزء من ساحل السعودية و قطر ومن بينها البحرين

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معلومات اضافية

هذا المسح البياني المفصل يشمل دراسة حديثة على سواحل المملكة العربية السعودية اليوم ، فوق ما هو الآن جبيل خلال القطيف (“El Katiff’) الساحل الشرقي من شبه جزيرة قطر تصل إلى رأس ريكان Reccan” (في طرف من قطر هذه الورقة هي الورقة الثانية في استطلاع أكبر من هذا الجزء من الساحل العربي والتى تغطى الساحل من كور عبد الله (الكويت( وهو ما يسمى “النهاية” نسخة منه في يد المفتش.

وقد أجريت دراسة استقصائية شاملة كجزء من  شركة الهند الشرقية استطلاع أكبر بحرية في الخليج العربي بين 1821 و 1825 من lieuts. ج. م. غاي ج. ب. Brucks ر. Cogan &جورج ه روجرز،التي نشرت أخيرا في 1826.

النقوش تحت عنوان الدراسة التي نفذتها بحرية شركة الشرق الهندية هي إشارة إلى منصب شركة الهند الشرقية التي تتاجر في السلع مثل القطن والحرير ، إنديجو ، الملح والفلفل والشاي الافيون. وعلى الرغم من أن الشركة قد بدأت في جزر الهند الشرقية, فى القرن 19, وتولت رقابة فعالة على التجارة في آسيا، الهند والصين بصفة خاصة. ان شركة الهند الشرقية البحرية الخاصة هي مقياس القوة والنفوذ في هذا الوقت.

الدراسة في قلب جزر البحرين التي تم مسحها من البريطانيين في 1817 و 1818 (انظر A(718). & A71. كل من الساحل الغربي من قطر الان “رأس ريكان Reccan” المصورة بالتفصيل وتتضمن ما دمر وما تم تسويته من الزبارة.

زبارة ( المعروفة الآن زٌبارة ) كانت انجح مركز تجارة عالمي، التي كانت، على مر الزمن، تطور العلاقات التجارية مع الهند، عمان، العراق، الكويت. تم نقل السلع عبر الموانئ، بما في ذلك التمر والتوابل والمعادن. صيد اللؤلؤ صناعة أخرى .ازدهرت في التسوية. مع قطر التي تقع في منتصف الطريق بين مضيق هرمز والذراع الغربي من الخليج العربي, الزبارة, ومن غير المفاجيء أصبحت نقطة عبور مفضلة للتجار بعد  إلغاء الخليفة الضرائب التجارية.

اليوم، رغم التدمير إلا أن الزبارة تعتبر من أوسع و أفضل أمثلة من القرن 18 إلى 19 مستوطنة حضرية في المنطقة ويعطي لمحة للحياة في قطر في هذا الوقت. وكذلك الحفاظ على البيئة يعطينا نظرة إلى الحياة الحضرية منذ ذلك الوقت, واليوم الزبارة من أهم المواقع الأثرية بما فيها القلعة القديمة (1830S)

اسم الزبارة مشتق من الكلمة العربية تلال الرمل. من المحتمل انها سميت بهذا الاسم بسبب كثرة الرمال والروابي الصخرية.

ويشمل الاستطلاع أو المسح الهايدروغرافي أو المعلومات الملاحية مثل المياه العميقة بأرقام قبالة الساحل . كما تشمل الصخور والمياه الضحلة والكتل الرملية و المخاطر الأخرى.

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Anyone for some very rare Lt. (Capt) James Cook charts of NZ?

May 31, 2014

Heritage Charts are currently researching, and about to publish, some quite unique and extremely rare Cook material from his first voyage to New Zealand in 1769..  These charts form the basis for every ‘published’ Cook chart.  These two (North and South) are themselves copied directly from Cook’s own chart.  Many of the features and land-falls differ from the later published material.

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And South…

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The British Hydrographic Office under it’s 2nd director (Hydrographer to the Admiralty), Capt. Thomas Hurd, published a derrivative of this chart as one of the first ever ‘official’ publications by that office in 1816.

Have you ever wondered what Cook’s own work looked like:  well this is an example… and yes, Heritage Charts will be releasing this amazing chart (or is it a ‘survey’?) very soon…. complete with blotches and dodgy Cook handwriting and spelling!  Yes the real thing does actually look as though it went down with the ship and was dried out over the barbecue!

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Anyway, that’s about it for now but there will be more soon.  Keep in touch and watch this space.

We’re having fun making up adverts for use in the UAE this month

April 21, 2014

Heritage Charts Arabia_flat_blogversion

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Interview with New York’s DNAinfo news

December 7, 2013

The story so far…

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About 4 years ago, whilst researching in one of our source archives I came upon a beautiful map of New York.  The entry in the archive log gave very little away as to what it was or indeed who had made it.  This map (actually it is both a map and a plan) is especially significant for two reasons.  Firstly it is a never seen before map of British troop positions on Long Island (Queens) and up across Harlem Heights in 1776, just after George Washington had escaped north out of the city. General Howe’s headquarters are even marked..

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The map also contains, at its centre what I believe to be Bernard Ratzer’s finished drawing for what is now known at the Ratzer Map of New York City which was published in 1776 by William Faden and Thomas Jeffreys.

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Over the past few years Heritage Charts has tried to bring the map to the attention of the wider antiquarian map world and also to that of American academics. It was About a year or so ago I met with Bob Singleton from the Greater Astoria Historical Society who has been instrumental in bringing the map to the attention of other historians and academics, all of whom currently share Bob’s concern that the map is authentic…

The centre panel from the map

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Detail from the Ratzer plan

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The interview

The questions were asked by Jeanmarie Evelly of New York’s DNAnews.com

If you could tell me a bit about Heritage Charts and the work you do there ?

I am the founder and owner of Heritage Charts.  I have the best job in the world.. researching and bringing beautiful and historic documents in the form of charts, maps, plans and surveys to light.

Heritage Charts is dedicated to opening up the British archives (we Brits have everyone’s history!), and making otherwise unaffordable (never mind unobtainable) manuscripts to light and accessible to the public.  The world is full of Antiquarian map dealers (many whom I call friends incidentally) who will sell you an original of a rare publication for more money than most people can only imagine.  Heritage Charts is able to make available stunning giclée reproductions of these originals at fraction of the price of an original.

A large part of the Heritage Charts collection is comprised of reproductions of original surveys made by British cartographers and hydrographers, from which London publishing houses of the time such as Faden, Sayer, Bennet & Jefferys made copies and published.  These manuscript surveys which form the basis of the Heritage Charts collection are one-off pieces.  There is only one of each original, in the hand of the very men who did the surveying; men such as Charles Blaskowitz, Thomas Wheeler, Bernard Ratzer, James Grant, Willliam Owen, Henry Bayfield, George Gauld, James Cook, John Knight, & Samuel Holland.  These ‘manuscript’ surveys are the Michaelangelo, Leonardo da Vince & Shakespears’ of their time.  Priceless if they ever came on the open market (which they won’t because they belong to the British nation and are held in archives, public record houses and museums).  This is the service Heritage Charts fulfills… uncovering.

In the past few years Heritage Charts have actively tried to work with a number of historical societies and museums up and down the eastern seaboard of the United States (The original 13 mainland colonies).  A glance at our ‘Logbook’ is testament to our travels and our dedication to bringing these beautiful, historic, document to life and also to our efforts to raise funds for such societies ad organizations.

By the way, many people make the mistake that these are American documents.  They are not, they are British, by the British, for the British… because the British were either attacking something or defending something at the time.

How did you come across the NYC map, and what about it piqued your interest?

How long have you got?…
I was looking for documents relating to the New York and the Revolutionary war.  Having uncovered some copies of the famous ‘Ratzer Plan’ of New York I came across various other documents relating to the war around NY in 1776 (some of which are still as yet unpublished.  Amongst those which really caught my eye was a very brown and dusty plan which showed Manhattan and the surrounding districts of Long Island and NJ.  What was of immediate interest was the inclusion on the map of british troop positions, including General Howe’s headquarters at Newtown, LI.  Closer inspection showed the discrepancy in the paper used.  In the middle of the map was a small (12″ sq) piece of paper which clearly showed Manhattan in much greater detail than the ‘battle plan’ seemed to warrant.  Even closer inspection (over several visits to view the document) revealed the fact that the central piece of paper was more familiar than I had originally thought.  It was in fact identical in detail to Bernard Ratzer’s Plan of New York as published by William Faden & Thomas Jeffreys in 1776.  Identical, except in one detail – the inclusion of tide arrows on the North (or Hudson) and the East rivers.  In tune with fashion at the time amongst the London publishing houses was the inclusion of ‘tide arrows’ – these would have been added to the publisher’s copy.

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The reality of this map or plan is that in 1776 the British were at war.  No matter how valuable this piece of paper may be to the world of map enthusiasts, historians and the like today, it was more useful to the British for it to be reused (after it had been copied) as the centre piece to a hurriedly made battle plan leading up to the British offensive North out of New York through Harlem heights and White Plains.

The lower part of the central section are clearly missing or torn off as the words ‘Part of’ (in Brooklyn) are missing.  Likewise the top half of the map/plan.  This struck me at the time as being significant inasmuch as this was clearly just the middle section of a much larger plan of the British strategy in 1776-7.  The fact that the central piece of paper – Ratzer’s original finished copy – was just a starting, or focal point, for the geography became even clearer.  By this stage I’m not so sure that my interest was ‘piqued’, so much as pumped!

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What also needs clarification are the grid-lines which cover the central piece of paper – the ‘Ratzer Map’. These are copy grid lines which were drawn on an original in order to facilitate an accurate enlargement of the original.  Scaling up would be the norm.  This is a feature of countless British Admiralty surveys which I have seen in my research.  Yet another clue as to the connection between this scrap of paper and the Faden and Jeffrey’s ‘Ratzer Map’ is the fact that the British Admiralty (and her surveyors), from the mid 1700s had been collaborating closely with the London publishing houses in the sharing of information and both cartographic and hydrographic data.  This would have been just such an example.  All surveys remained the property of the British Admiralty and were stored by them – often quite carelessly.  Accurate records of manuscripts held by the Admiralty were not kept until many years after the end of the Revolutionary war although to be sure, once surveys were lodged with the Admiralty they rarely came out again, probably as no one knew where to find them again so poor was the record keeping!  Even today it can be quite a challenge to track certain types of document down.

Detail showing the barge used for the ‘retreat’ from Governor’s Island, with a 32 pound gun and 40 oars

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How did you get involved with Bob and the Greater Astoria Historical Society?

For a couple of years I’d know what I’d found.  How important and how valuable (historically rather than monetarily – as the only copy of this is not for sale) this scrap of paper was – especially to American historians and map enthusiasts.  For some time I attempted to get the attention of institutions such as NY Public Library, who sadly refused to even grant an interview.  I therefore went ‘local’.  Bob Singleton’s name came up in several discussions with assorted historical societies in Queens and Long Island and he was gracious enough to let me in to his office.  What I found especially engaging about Bob was his very modern approach to history.   He didn’t care that what I showed him was a reproduction.  He totally got it when we talked about the fact that it was what was on the map which mattered, not whether I’d walked through the door with a priceless original.  The fact that I was able to substantiate the source of the material was enough.

What’s your gut feeling on the document, in terms of whether or not you think it’s authentic?

I am very conscious that there is skepticism as to the original document’s authenticity although knowing the integrity of the source I do find it amusing.  Most people have no idea what is hidden and lost in the bowels of their own national institutions.  Why would such a find be so surprising?  Now, when a private art collector suddenly comes up with a lost masterpiece, that may well be suspicious.  When you have touched, and have worked with as many original documents as I have over the past few years, know where they are and understand their lineage you would know.  If anyone is suggesting that two hundred plus years ago – because that is how long this document has been in British Admiralty hands – someone had the foresight to make a forgery, well, lets just say its unlikely.  If anyone thinks I drew it, then think again, I struggle to draw a cheque!

Here is an example of what concerns people who look at the map:  The central square (the finished copy of the survey which was used to make the published Faden and Jeffrey’s Map) is very accurate.  The surrounding piece of paper and especially the map drawn upon it is clearly not to scale and is possibly even inaccurate in its detail of roads etc.  Does that matter?  If you were a British surveyor in 1776 tasked with drawing a plan of the current battle positions for your Commander-in-Chief (overnight?), what would you do?…. grab the nearest scrap of a starting point (Ratzer’s finished copy which was now redundant), stick it on to a larger piece of paper and sketch out the environs, putting in the salient information such as troop positions, villages, roads, ferries, redoubts, etc… This is by definition a Map, with a Plan at its centre.  A map does not need to be accurate in a geographic sense.  A plan does.

My hope throughout all of this is that people – especially institutions – come to better realise that owning or displaying a perfect reproduction of an other wise out of reach original is better (and more realistic) than not having the information and beauty contained within available for people to enjoy and learn from.  This is a story-board of significant magnitude.

What are your next steps, in terms of trying to determine whether the map is real?

I’m going to sit back while someone else interrogates the British government department responsible for the archive, the archive itself (and hopefully obtain a carbon fingerprint on the document).  In the end I know what it is.  The fact that the question of the map’s authenticity has now hit media status means that the history and beauty itself has already been subjugated to that modern cancer… everyone’s an expert and there will now be two sides of belief.  We call it Democracy, with all of its freedom of thought and expression.  Excellent!  On that basis the map is innocent until proven guilty….  Just be ready when I say ‘told you so!’

End..

Symposium on Gulf Cartography from Past to Present

March 26, 2013

March 27, 2013

Dr Sultan Al Qasimi Centre of Gulf Studies

with

SEDET Research Centre

University Paris Diderot – Sorbonne Paris City

For pictures please visit Heritage Charts Facebook

This first symposium aims to launch and promote a debate among scholars interested in the history of mapping and mapping practices in the Gulf region. The main goal of this gathering of academics from various institutions in the UAE is twofold: first, to analyse maps produced over the centuries, focusing on the Arab Gulf region; and second, to study the evolution of mapping concerns and methods in the GCC.

These considerations for maps and associated representations are of exceptional importance. Indeed, the history of the region presents a particular problematic due to the scarcity of written sources in such a cultural context known for its great oral tradition and intangible heritage. It is for this reason that the history of the region is often studied through accounts of travellers or seafarers. Therefore, such historical documents can be regarded as geographical literature. In addition to these narratives, maps form another major source of knowledge of the past. Their ingenuity lies in offering a vision of the deserts and oases and/or an accurate description of the marine environment along the coastal areas and harbours.

The building of a rich collection of historical maps is not only a priceless contribution to the knowledge of the past, but also a means to a better understanding of the present conditions, not to mention a potential tool for projecting the future. Since ancient times, the Gulf appears as a space where people, goods, techniques and ideas circulate. One might even consider the Gulf as a “Méditerranée” in the Braudelian sense of the word. Today, at the time of globalization, the Gulf remains both a complex interface between its two shores and a bridge between Europe and Asia.

In this regard, the publication of atlases can also prove to be an important contribution to the knowledge of the region, while thematic mapping allows the merger between the legacy of the past as recorded in old maps and the present dynamics using numeric and cartographic data processing. Various recent atlases, whether comprehensive or specialised, published by scholars or governmental agencies, are, in fact, a way towards a multi-scale understanding of the area.

Cartographic opus helps to prepare future contributions for the impending post-oil economy and the building of a knowledge society in the Gulf Countries. In this context, GIS and remote sensing become crucial decision support tools. Today’s maps rely on information and communication technology, however they still pay tribute to the long history of the cartographic representation of the Arab Gulf. Thus, they continue the tradition of ancient maps, which had paved the way.

VIRTUAL PROGRAM 

Introductory session

10h- Mr. Ali Al Murri, General Director of the Daara

10h15- Prof. Laurent Faret, Director of SEDET, School of Social Sciences, University Paris-Diderot, Paris

10h30- Visit on the Cartography collection of Sheikh Sultan Al Qasimi

11h Tea Break

Morning session

11h30- Dr. Marc Beech, Cultural Landscape Manager, Historical Environment Department, Abu Dhabi Tourism and Cultural Authority, Abu Dhabi “From Ptolemy to Geospatila Portals: Mapping the Cultural Heritage of the United Arab Emirates”

11h45- Dr Naeema Alhosani, Department Geography, University of the UAE, Al Ain ” Symbolization in old maps”

12h- Prof. Fayez Mohammed Elessawy, Department Geography, University of the UAE, Al Ain “Gulf in ancient maps”

12h15- Dr. Noor Al Deen Al Sagheer, Department of History and Islamic Civilization, University of Sharjah, “French Cartographic representing Indian Ocean & Arabian gulf in 17,18,19 and 20th centuries”

12h30- Dr. Yahia Mahmoud, Associate Professor, History Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, UAE University, Al Ain “British survey of Abu Dhabi coast”.

12h-45- Debate

13h-15- Lunch

Afternoon session

14h30- Prof. Saif Al Qaydi, Department of Geography, University of the UAE, Al Ain “The role of the Arabic Division in the UNGEGN in the GCC geographical names; naming the Gulf water outlets”.

14h45- Prof. Philippe Cadène, Department of Geography and Planning, University Paris Sorbonne Abu Dhabi. “”Regional integration of the Gulf countries through mapping: an ongoing process”

15h- Dr. Mohammed Bualhamam, Department of Geography, University of the UAE, Al Ain  “The need for regional spatial data infrastructure in the GCC: prospects and challenges”

15h15- Mr. Issam Attalah, GISTECH, Sharjah “Leveraging GIS and IT Synergy”

15h30 Dr. Adnan Husnein & Dr. Seif Khiati, Department of Architecture and Planning, ALHOSN University Participatory Mapping: A Creative Approach to Building Community Narratives

15h45- Dr. Seif Khiati & Dr. Adnan Husnein, Department of Architecture and Planning, ALHOSN University, Mapping Neighborhoods: Quality of Life Perspective

16h- Debate

16h30- Tea Break

Conclusion

17h Final discussion and Debate on the future topics for the next symposium

1- Cartography of the Arab Gulf Region along centuries

2- Maps and Travellers in the Arab Gulf Region

3- Sea Charts of the Arab Gulf through the History

4- Atlases of the Arab Gulf / Arab Gulf in Atlases

5- Cartographic approach of Gulf cities

6- GIS and Remote sensing: a new vision of the Arab Gulf Countries?

17h45 Closure


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